Frequency in the context of marketing refers to the number of times a target audience is exposed to a particular advertising message or campaign within a given time period. It is a crucial component of a media plan and plays a significant role in achieving advertising effectiveness. A higher frequency ensures that the audience will see the advertisement multiple times, which can lead to better recall and recognition of the product or brand being promoted. However, there is a delicate balance to strike, as too high a frequency can lead to ad fatigue, where the audience becomes overly familiar with the message, potentially leading to annoyance or disengagement. Marketers must carefully analyze their target audience, campaign goals, and budget to determine the optimal frequency for their advertising efforts. By doing so, they aim to maximize the impact of their messages, reinforce brand awareness, and ultimately drive consumer action, whether that’s in the form of sales, inquiries, or brand engagement. Frequency is often measured in conjunction with reach, which is the number of unique individuals exposed to an advertisement, to evaluate the overall effectiveness of a marketing campaign.